Structure and Style Overview
What is Structure
The skill of structure helps students organize and plan the things they write. There are nine structural units in IEW. Each unit begins with a key word outline that assists students with producing clear and concise compositions.
Unit 1: Note Making and Outlines
This is a foundational unit that teaches students how to write a basic key word outline from a source. The purpose of the key word outline (KWO) is to help remember the main idea of the sentence.
Unit 2: Writing from Notes
This unit teaches students to take their outline and convert it into a written paragraph. Students learn how to rewrite from their own notes (without copying from the source) and dress-up their summaries to produce a final draft.
Unit 3: Retelling Narrative Stories
Unit 3 teaches students to extract key ideas from a story and then organize that information into a 3-paragraph summary. Each paragraph focuses on one of the three elements of a narrative story; characters/setting, conflict/problem, and climax/resolution.
Unit 4: Summarizing a Reference
Unit 4 focuses on report writing. Students read a source text which contains too many facts for one paragraph. Students practice the skill of limiting. They also learn how to write a topic and clincher sentence that support the facts they include in their summary.
Unit 5: Writing from Pictures
This unit teaches students how to write an event description using a series of pictures. They build the skill of pulling information from their minds by asking the right questions and then providing their own answers. This prepares them to write from prompts in Unit 7.
Unit 6: Summarizing Multiple Reference
This unit teaches students how to write a research paper. Building upon their Unit 4 skills, students use multiple references to write source and fused outlines. From those outlines, they learn to create their final composition.
Unit 7: Inventive Writing
This unit is most beneficial for prompt-based writing assignments in which students are given a prompt, but no text or pictures. They use their own prior knowledge to invent a logical, cohesive composition.
Unit 8: Formal Essay Model
This unit teaches the proper structure for formal essays of five, seven, or more paragraphs. Students learn how to include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. The skills in this unit provide a foundation for university writing and research assignments.
Unit 9: Writing Critiques
Students learn a solid structure for book reports, reviews and critiques. This unit also develops a critique vocabulary, which aids in literary analysis.
What is Style?
Style help students include literary devices that paint a vivd picture with words. Students are introduced to one stylistic component at a time, and they cumulatively add these to their final compositions.
www.asia clause (when, while, where, as, since, if, although)
 Subject Opener
 prepositional opener
 ly adverb opener
 ing opener
 clausal opener
 very short sentence (vss)
3 short staccato sentences
conversation and quotation